Windows XP

personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft

Windows XP is a version of the Microsoft Windows operating system for personal computers. The letters "XP" stand for eXPerience. Microsoft released Windows XP on October 25, 2001. Windows XP replaced Windows 2000 and Windows ME, which helped bring the NT and 9x versions of Windows together. It was replaced by Windows Vista in 2006.[4] Windows XP was the second most used computer operating system in the world as late as April 2012.[5] Following the release of Windows XP, many computer makers including (but not limited to) Dell, Hewlett Packard, Acer, IBM, Compaq, and Toshiba changed their computers (mostly laptops) to Windows XP from Windows 2000. You can tell a laptop from that time was initially sold with Windows 2000 if the Windows (WIN) key on the keyboard has the previous Windows logo.

Windows XP
Windows XP running on a computer
DeveloperMicrosoft Corporation
OS familyMicrosoft Windows
Source modelClosed source, Shared source[1]
Released to
August 24, 2001; 22 years ago (2001-08-24)

October 25, 2001; 22 years ago (2001-10-25)[2]
Latest release5.1 (Build 2600: Service Pack 3) / April 21, 2008; 16 years ago (2008-04-21)[3]
Update methodWindows Update
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)
System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM)
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64 and Itanium
Kernel typeHybrid
LicenseProprietary commercial software
Preceded byWindows 2000 (1999)
Windows ME (2000)
Succeeded byWindows Vista (2007)
Support status
All editions except Windows XP Embedded, Windows XP 64-bit, Windows Embedded of Point of Service, Windows Embedded Standard 2009 and Windows Embedded POSReady 2009:

Mainstream support ended on April 14, 2009. Extended support ended on April 8, 2014.

Windows XP 64-bit: Unsupported since June 30, 2005.

Windows XP Embedded: Mainstream support ended on January 11, 2011; Extended support ended on January 12, 2016.

Windows Embedded of Point of Service: Mainstream support ended on April 12, 2011; Extended support ended on April 12, 2016.

Windows Embedded Standard 2009: Mainstream support ended on January 14, 2014, Extended support ended on January 8, 2019.

Windows Embedded POSReady 2009:

Mainstream support ended on April 8, 2014; Extended support ended on April 9, 2019.

Microsoft stopped supporting Windows XP on April 8, 2014 (except some security updates e.g. in 2019, to address ransomware threats, and to address major malware threats, such as BlueKeep) and Microsoft and authorities warn users against using Windows XP. However, Windows XP remained a popular operating system around the world for a long time. On July 31, 2019, Microsoft Internet Games Services on Windows XP and Windows ME stopped working, and on January 22, 2020 Microsoft Internet Games Services stopped working on Windows 7, for Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 – on April 5, 2021. By August 2019, Microsoft (and others) had ended support for games on Windows XP. As of June 2021, 0.6% of Windows PCs run Windows XP. Windows XP became the most popular operating system from 2001 to 2007, the operating system, individually and pre-installed, selling over 500 million copies.

Editions change

Beta 2 CD

Home Edition is an edition that was made for home users.

Professional was made for business users, as well as power users. It had advanced management features like backup recovery, Group Policy and could support two Central processing units.

Media Center Edition was for people who liked to use their computer as a television box. It has in basics the same features as Windows XP Professional but included Windows Media Center, a program which could manage TV shows and play music, and even Netflix.

Tablet PC Edition was for users with pen-based laptops and early tablet PCs.

64-bit Edition was for computers that ran on Intel's 64-bit Itanium platform. This should not be confused with Windows XP x64 Edition, as x64 and Itanium are completely different architectures. Unlike Windows XP x64 Edition, 64-bit Edition has fewer features than Windows XP Professional. Some of these features included NTVDM and Windows on Windows, which means that 16-bit MS-DOS applications will not be able to run. It also was missing Windows Media Player features, but Windows XP 64-bit Edition Version 2003, released in March 2003, added back these media features. Unlike other editions of Windows XP, Windows XP 64-bit edition was discontinued and unsupported on June 30, 2005.

Professional x64 Edition was for users with 64-bit x86-based computers. It has the same features as Windows XP Professional except for NTVDM, and introduced Windows on Windows 64, which lets 32-bit applications run on a 64-bit operating system and processor.

Starter Edition was sold mostly in developing countries. The price was low because Microsoft wanted to fight the high software piracy rate in those countries. It could only be bought with a new computer.

System requirements change

The system requirements for Windows XP Home and Professional editions are:[6]

Minimum Recommended
Processor 233 MHz 300 MHz or higher
Memory 64 MB RAM (may limit performance and some features) 128 MB RAM or higher
Video adapter and monitor Super VGA (800 x 600) Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution
Hard drive disk free space 1.5 GB 1.5 GB or higher
Devices Keyboard Keyboard and mouse
Others Sound card, speakers, and headphones Sound card, speakers, and headphones

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Windows Licensing Programs". Microsoft. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  4. "Microsoft Announces Windows XP and Office XP". Microsoft PressPass (Press release). Microsoft. February 5, 2001. Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2006.
  5. "W3Counter - Global Web Stats". Awio Web Services. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  6. "System requirements for Windows XP operating systems". April 28, 2005. Archived from the original on October 20, 2004. Retrieved March 12, 2007.

Other websites change

Service Pack 2 change

Service Pack 3 change

Further reading change

  • Joyce, Jerry; Moon, Marianne (2004). Microsoft Windows XP Plain & Simple. Microsoft Press. ISBN 978-0-7356-2112-1.
Preceded by
Windows 2000
Windows Versions
Succeeded by
Windows Vista