Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa. Xhosa is spoken by 7.6 million people, or about 18% of the South African population. Xhosa is written using a Latin alphabet. Henry Hare Dugmore helped translate the entire Bible in Xhosa language. Xhosa has ten vowels.
|Native to||South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho|
|Region||Eastern Cape, Western Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape, Free State|
|8.2 million (2011 census)|
11 million L2 speakers (2002)
|Latin (Xhosa alphabet)|
Official language in
| South Africa|
Proportion of the South African population that speaks Xhosa at home
Xhosa is well known for its set of three major clicks.
- Xhosa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Webb, Vic. 2002. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development." Impact: Studies in language and society, 14:78
- Aarons & Reynolds, 2003, "South African Sign Language", in Monaghan, ed., Many Ways to be Deaf: International Variation in Deaf Communities
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Xhosa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online