Zand dynasty

Iranian royal dynasty, 1751–1794

The Zand dynasty (Persian: سلسله زندیه), was an Iranian dynasty, that originated from Zand tribe of Lur[1][2][3][4][5] origin.

Zand dynasty
سلسله زندیه
1751–1794
Flag of
Flag
(1751–1794)
Imperial Coat of Arms (1751–1794) of
Imperial Coat of Arms
(1751–1794)
Greatest borders during Karim Khan Zand
Greatest borders during Karim Khan Zand
CapitalShiraz
GovernmentAbsolute Monarchy
Vakilol Ro'aya (Advocate of People) 
• 1751–1779
Karim Khan Zand (first)
• 1789–1794
Lotf Ali Khan Zand (last)
History 
• Established
1751
• Qajar conquest
1794
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Afsharid dynasty
Qajar dynasty

Zand rulers of IranEdit

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Mohammad Karim Khan Zand   Vakil-e Ra'aya,
Khan
1751– 1779
2 Mohammad Ali Khan Zand Shah,
Khan
1779–1779
3 Abol-Fath Khan Zand Shah,
Khan
1779–1779
4 Sadeq Khan Zand   Shah,
Khan
1779–1781
5 Ali-Morad Khan Zand Shah,
Khan
1781– 1785
6 Jafar Khan Zand   Shah,
Khan
1785–1789
7 Sayed Morad Khan Zand Shah,
Khan
1789–1789
8 Lotf Ali Khan Zand Shah,
Khan
1789–1794

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Tucker, Ermest (2020). "Karīm Khān Zand". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (ed.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill. The Zands were a branch of the Laks, a subgroup of the northern Lurs, who spoke Luri, a Western Iranian language.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  • Perry, John R. (2011). "KARIM KHAN ZAND". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. XV. Fasc. 6. pp. 561–564. The Zand were a pastoral tribe of the Lak branch of the northern Lors (...)
  • Yarshater, Ehsan (2004). "IRAN ii. IRANIAN HISTORY (2) Islamic period (page 4)". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. XIII. Fasc. 3. pp. 234–238. The Zand were a Lor tribe that lived in the vicinity of Malāyer in western Persia.
  • Perry, John R. (2000). "ZAND DYNASTY". Encyclopædia Iranica. The founder of the dynasty was Moḥammad Karim Khan b. Ināq Khan (...) of the Bagala branch of the Zand, a pastoral tribe of the Lak branch of Lors (...)
  • Perry, J.R (2002). "Zand". In Bearman, P. J.; Bianquis, Th.; Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E. & Heinrichs, W. P. (ed.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition. Brill. The Zand belonged to the Lakk group of Lurs (...){{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)

NotesEdit