|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||7th century BC – 6th century BC – 5th century BC|
|Decades:||610s BC 600s BC 590s BC – 580s BC – 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC|
|Years:||588 BC 587 BC 586 BC – 585 BC – 584 BC 583 BC 582 BC|
- King Jian becomes king of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- Anaximenes of Miletus, Greek philosopher
- Pythagoras, Greek philosopher and mathematician