Ali Baba (Arabic: علي بابا, ʿAli Bāba) is a fictional character, who is described in the adventure tale of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. It is believed by some critics that this story was added to One Thousand and One Nights by one of its European translators, Antoine Galland, who is an 18th-century French orientalist who may have heard it in oral form from a Middle Eastern story-teller from Aleppo. However, another writer and scholar Sir Richard Francis Burton said it was a part of the original One Thousand and One Nights. Most Arab and Persian (Irani) scholars seem to also agree with Burton.
- See Al-Jubari, Dr AH, 'The Arabian Nights:Sources, Origins' Cairo, 1958; Noori Hamad, A. Al-Khalifa, 'Some notes on Burton's Arabian Nights', London, 1974; and Alizadeh, SHA 'The Arabian Nights, a Series of Oriental Tales of Diverse Backgrounds, analysis' (Persian text monograph), Teheran, 1991