Allied-occupied Germany

post-World War II Allied military occupation of Germany (1945–1949)

After World War II Nazi Germany west of the Oder-Neisse line was divided into four occupation zones. This had been agreed in London in September 1944.

Allied-Administered Germany
Allied Occupation Zones in Germany
Flag of Germany
Occupation zones in Germany (1945)
Occupation zones in Germany (1945)
StatusMilitary occupation
CapitalBerlin (de jure)
Governors (1945) 
• UK zone
Field Marshal Montgomery
• French zone
General Lattre de Tassigny
• US zone
General Eisenhower
• Soviet zone
Marshal Zhukov
Historical eraCold War
• Surrender
May 8, 1945
July 5, 1945 1945
• Saar protectorate
December 15, 1947
23 May, 1949
7 October, 1949 1949
September 12, 1990
ISO 3166 codeDE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Third Reich
West Germany
Saar (protectorate)
East Germany
¹ German reunification took place on October 3, 1990.

The four sectors of Allied occupation in Berlin

They were occupied by the allied powers who defeated Germany (the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States) and by France. This was done for administrative purposes during the period 1945-1949.

In the closing weeks of fighting in Europe the American forces had actually pushed beyond the previously agreed upon occupation zone boundaries, sometimes by as much as 200 miles. After about two months of holding certain areas meant to be in the Soviet zone, the American forces withdrew during July 1945.


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