Amharic language

Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia

Amharic (አማርኛ āmariññā) is a Semitic language spoken in North Central Ethiopia by the Amhara. It is the second most spoken Semitic language after Arabic, and the official language of Ethiopia. Amharic is also the official or working language of several of the states, including Amhara Region and the multi-ethnic Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region.

አማርኛ (Amarəñña)
Native toEthiopia
Native speakers
22,000,000[1][2] (2007 Population and Housing Census)
Ge'ez script (Amharic syllabary)
Amharic Braille
Signed Amharic[3]
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byImperial Academy (former)
Language codes
ISO 639-1am
ISO 639-2amh
ISO 639-3amh
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.


  1. Central Statistical Agency. 2010. "Population and Housing Census 2007 Report, National". Accessed 13 December 2016].
  2. Lewis, Lewis M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D. (2015). Amharic Ethnologue: Languages of the World. SIL International. Retrieved 3 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. Morgan, Mike (9 April 2010). "Complexities of Ethiopian Sign Language Contact Phenomena; Implications for AAU". l'Alliance française et le Centre Français des Etudes Ethiopiennes. Retrieved 3 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Amharic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Cite uses deprecated parameter |chapterurl= (help)