capital of Turkey

Ankara is the capital city of the country of Turkey. It is in the center of Anatolia. Ankara is the second largest city after Istanbul. 4,319,167 people live in the city of Ankara (Province 5,153,000), and an height of 938 meters (3080 feet).[4] It was formerly known as Engürü the city is also the capital of Ankara Province

Söğütözü business district
Söğütözü business district
Heart of Turkey
Ankara is located in Turkey
Location in Turkey
Ankara is located in Europe
Ankara (Europe)
Coordinates: 39°55′48″N 32°51′00″E / 39.93000°N 32.85000°E / 39.93000; 32.85000
RegionCentral Anatolia
 • MayorMansur Yavaş (CHP)
 • GovernorVasip Şahin
 • Total24,521 km2 (9,468 sq mi)
938 m (3,077 ft)
 • Total5,663,322[1]
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
Area code1
Licence plate06
GDP PPP[2]US$ 105 billion
GDP PPP per capitaUS$ 21,000
HDI (2018)0.855[3]very high
Location of Ankara within Turkey

Ankara is a very modern city. Ankara was made the capital of Turkey in 1923. Ankara is known for its performing arts, home to the State Opera and Ballet, the Presidential Symphony Orchestra and several national theater companies. In Ankara there's a place called Anitkabir, which is a big hilltop mausoleum that was built to celebrate Kemal Atatürk who was the first president.



Ankara is a city that has a lot of history. Ankara was invaded many times. In 546 BCE, Achaemenid Persians was in control of Ankara (approximated date).[5] Ankara was then invaded by the Romans in 25 BCE. At the time, Ankara was controlled by Augustus.[6] Ankara castle was captured by the Crusaders in 1101. Ankara castle was captured again by the Seljuks in 1227. Ankara was controlled again by the Ottomans in 1403. On October 13, 1923 Ankara became the capital of Turkey.[7]


  1. "Turkey: Major cities and provinces". Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  2. Berube, Alan; Trujillo, Jesus Leal; Ran, Tao; Parilla, Joseph (22 January 2015). "Global Metro Monitor". Brookings.
  3. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab".
  4. Ankara, Turkey: Latitude, Longitude and Altitude
  5. Cities of the Middle East and North Africa : a historical encyclopedia. Michael Dumper, Bruce E. Stanley. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. 2007. ISBN 978-1-57607-920-1. OCLC 80014324.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  6. Cybriwsky, Roman A. (2013). Capital cities around the world : an encyclopedia of geography, history, and culture. Santa Barbara, California. ISBN 978-1-61069-248-9. OCLC 862077105.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  7. Historic cities of the Islamic world. Clifford Edmund Bosworth. Leiden: Brill. 2007. ISBN 978-90-474-2383-6. OCLC 308130674.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)