The English used in this article may not be easy for everybody to understand. (March 2012)
In grammar, an antecedent is a segment of text represented by or repeated by another segment of text. An antecedent is of particular importance in connection with relative pronouns. The pronoun usually opens the relative clause but the antecedent is in the main clause.
I want a book that I can read.
Some further examples:
- Willy said he likes chocolate. - Noun as antecedent
- My eccentric uncle likes chocolate. He tells everyone to buy him chocolate. - Noun phrase as antecedent
- Larry was helpful, and so was Kim. - Adjective as antecedent
- He arrived in the afternoon, when nobody was home. - Prepositional phrase as antecedent