- Hylobatidae, the gibbons and siamangs.
- Hominidae, consisting of humans, chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas and orangutans.
Temporal range: late Oligocene – Recent
|Chimpanzees, an example of a great ape|
In everyday use, "ape" often refers only to hominoids other than humans.
One clear difference between monkeys and apes is that monkeys almost always have tails, but hominoids never do. There are also differences in their teeth and the way they move their arms. They have a wide degree of freedom at the shoulder joint, which helps them swing by their arms in the trees (brachiation).
The diets of apes are similar to those of other primates. They eat fruits, nuts, seeds, leaves and sometimes other animals. They are generally omnivores, though most of their intake is primarily herbivorous.
- Groves, Colin; Wilson D.E. and Reeder D.M. (eds) 2005. Mammal species of the world. 3rd ed, Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 178-184. ISBN 0-801-88221-4  Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
- Goodman M.; et al. (1990). "Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids". Journal of Molecular Evolution. 30 (3): 260–266. Bibcode:1990JMolE..30..260G. doi:10.1007/BF02099995. PMID 2109087. S2CID 2112935.
- Ewen, Ewen (13 October 2008). "Loving bonobos have a carnivorous dark side". newscientist. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Hoag, Hannah (2013). "Humans are becoming more carnivorous". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2013.14282. S2CID 183143537. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
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Media related to Ape at Wikimedia Commons