Hindu–Arabic numeral system

most common system for writing numbers
(Redirected from Arabic numerals)

The Indo-Arabic numeral system, sometimes known as the Arabic number system, is a system of numbers used all around the world.[1] It is a base-ten place-value system.[2] This system has ten basic symbols, which are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9.[3] The Indo–Arabic numeral system was first created by the Indians in the 6th or 7th century and then was used by the Arabs.

Base Decimal (base 10) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .mw-parser-output .navbar{display:inline;font-size:88%;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .navbar-collapse{float:left;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .navbar-boxtext{word-spacing:0}.mw-parser-output .navbar ul{display:inline-block;white-space:nowrap;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::before{margin-right:-0.125em;content:"[ "}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::after{margin-left:-0.125em;content:" ]"}.mw-parser-output .navbar li{word-spacing:-0.125em}.mw-parser-output .navbar a>span,.mw-parser-output .navbar a>abbr{text-decoration:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-mini abbr{font-variant:small-caps;border-bottom:none;text-decoration:none;cursor:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-full{font-size:114%;margin:0 7em}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-mini{font-size:114%;margin:0 4em}

In Europe, Hindu-Arabic numeral system became very popular after the publication of Liber Abaci, a book written by Italian mathematician Fibonacci.[4] They are very different from previous methods of counting, such as the abacus. The numbers allowed mathematics to develop. In the past, many other number systems had been used.[5]

References

1. Flegg, Graham 2002. Numbers: their history and meaning. Courier Dover. ISBN 0-486-42165-1
2. Willers, Michael (2021). Mathematics: From Algebra to Algorithms, Adventures in Numbers. London, UK: New Burlington Books. pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-1-80242-020-3.
3. "Hindu-Arabic numerals". Britannica. 15 March 2024. Retrieved 20 March 2024.`{{cite web}}`: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
4. Willers, Michael (2021). Mathematics: From Algebra to Algorithms, Adventures in Numbers. London, UK: New Burlington Books. pp. 82–83, 98. ISBN 978-1-80242-020-3.
5. Menninger, Karl 1969. Number words and number symbols: a cultural history of numbers. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-13040-8