Arthur Conan Doyle

British writer and physician (1859–1930)

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British doctor and author.[1][2] He is well known because he wrote short stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes. He also wrote science fiction and historical stories.

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
BornArthur Ignatius Conan Doyle
(1859-05-22)22 May 1859
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died7 July 1930(1930-07-07) (aged 71)
Crowborough, East Sussex, England
OccupationNovelist, short story writer, poet, physician
Alma materUniversity of Edinburgh Medical School
GenreDetective fiction, fantasy, science fiction, historical novels, non-fiction
Notable worksStories of Sherlock Holmes
The Lost World


He became an agnostic by the time he left school. He studied medicine at Edinburgh University from 1876 to 1881. He wrote short stories in his spare time. In 1882, he started working as a doctor in Southsea. He carried on writing short stories while he waited for patients. His first Sherlock Holmes story that was published was A Study in Scarlet.

Doyle's great gifts as a writer were story-telling and character. He created really memorable characters. Holmes' gift for deduction has been copied many times in fiction. The character was probably based on a doctor called Joseph Bell. Holmes himself and Watson were balanced by the evil genius Moriarty, one of the great villains in fiction.

After A Study in Scarlet came The Sign of the Four, The Valley of Fear and The Hound of the Baskervilles. The other Holmes stories were published in the Strand Magazine. They were later collected together in five volumes, starting with The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.

Conan Doyle also wrote The Lost World, published in 1912. In it, Professor Challenger and his companions travel to find a large plateau in South America where dinosaurs still live.

Their children were: Mary Louise, Arthur Alleyne Kingsley (with Louise), Jean Lena Annette, Denis Percy Stewart, and Adrian Malcolm (with Jean). Doyle's wife Louisa died in 1906. After the death of his son Kingsley just before the end of the First World War, and the deaths of his brother Innes, his two brothers-in-law and his two nephews shortly after the war, Doyle sank into depression. He found solace supporting spiritualism and its attempts to find proof of existence beyond the grave. He was a member of the renowned supernatural organisation The Ghost Club.[3]


  1. "Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. 2019-05-18. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
  2. Edwards, Owen Dudley 2004. Doyle, Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan (1859–1930). In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press
  3. Ian Topham (2010). "The Ghost Club – a history by Peter Underwood". Retrieved 28 May 2013.

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