Ayyubid dynasty

Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt

The Ayyubid or Ayyoubid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish[1] origins which ruled Egypt, Syria, Yemen (except for the Northern Mountains), Diyar Bakr, Mecca, Hejaz and northern Iraq in the 12th and 13th centuries. The Ayyubids are also known as Ayoubites, Ayyoubites, Ayoubides or Ayyoubides.

Ayyubid Dynasty

الأيوبيون
1171–1250/1260
Flag of
Flag
StatusSultanate
CapitalCairo
• 1171-1192
Saladin
• 1193-1197
Al-Aziz Uthman
• 1198-1199
Al-Mansur Nasir
History 
• Established
1171
• Disestablished
1250/1260

The Ayyubid dynasty was begun by Saladin (Salah ah-Din). Saladin and his uncle Shirkuh conquered Egypt for the Zengid King Nur ad-Din of Damascus in 1169. The dynasty's name comes from Saladin's father and Shirkuh's brother, Najm ad-Din Ayyub.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Saladin. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition