|about 170 species|
It is a genus of around 170 species in the plant family Proteaceae. As Australian wildflowers and popular garden plants, they are easily recognised by their characteristic flower spikes and fruiting "cones". They can vary from woody shrubs to trees up to 30 metres tall. They are generally found in a wide variety of landscapes: (occasionally) rainforest, shrubland, and some more arid landscapes, though not in Australia's deserts.
They produce plenty of nectar,and are a vital part of the food chain in the Australian bush. They are an important food source for all sorts of nectariferous animals, including birds, bats, rats, possums and a host of invertebrates. Also, they are of economic importance to Australia's nursery and cut flower industries.
- Boland D.J.; et al. (1984). Forest trees of Australia, 4th ed, revised and enlarged. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia. ISBN 0-643-05423-5. Explicit use of et al. in:
- George A.S. 1999. "Banksia". In Wilson, Annette (ed) (ed.). Flora of Australia: Volume 17B: Proteaceae 3: Hakea to Dryandra. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 175–251. ISBN 0-643-06454-0.CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link)
- Harden, Gwen (2002). "Banksia". In Harden, Gwen (ed) (ed.). Flora of New South Wales: volume 2 (revised edition). New South Wales University Press, Kensington. pp. 82–86. ISBN 0-86840-156-0.CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link)
- Thiele, Kevin and Ladiges, Pauline Y. (1996). "A cladistic analysis of Banksia (Proteaceae)". Australian Systematic Botany 9: 661–733..
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- George A.S. 1981. The genus Banksia. Nuytsia 3 (3): 239–473.