Bass (vocal range)

type of classical male singing voice

A bass is a type of male singing voice and possesses the lowest vocal range of all voice types. According to The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, a bass is typically classified as having a range extending from around the second E below middle C to the E above middle C (i.e., E2–E4).[1] Its tessitura, or comfortable range, is normally defined by the outermost lines of the bass clef.


  1. Owen Jander, Lionel Sawkins, J. B. Steane, Elizabeth Forbes (ed L. Macy). "Bass". Grove Music Online. Retrieved 14 June 2006.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link); The Oxford Dictionary of Music gives E2–e4/f4