Black Panther Party

US black power organization (1966–1982)

The Black Panther Party or the BPP (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a revolutionary black power and Marxist-Leninist organization[1][2] active in the United States from 1966 until 1982, with international chapters operating in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s,[3] and in Algeria from 1969 until 1972.[4]

Black Panther Party
LeaderHuey P. Newton
Founded1966; 58 years ago (1966)
Dissolved1982 (1982)
Political positionFar-left
ColorsBlack, light blue, green

It was founded in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. Founding members were Newton, Seale, Bobby Hutton, and Elbert Howard.


  1. Joseph, Peniel (2006). Waiting 'Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America. Henry Holt. p. 219. ISBN 9780805075397.
  2. Van Deburg, William L. (1992). New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965-1975. University of Chicago Press. p. 155. ISBN 9780226847146.
  3. Brown, Mark (27 December 2013). "Britain's black power movement is at risk of being forgotten, say historians". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  4. Meghelli, Samir (2009), "From Harlem to Algiers: Transnational Solidarities Between the African American Freedom Movement and Algeria, 1962-1978", in Marable, Manning (ed.), Black Routes to Islam, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 99–119