A bond is a contract between two parties (companies or government.)
Bonds have a maturity date. This means that at some point, the bond issuer has to pay back the money to the investors. They also have to pay the investors a bit more than they paid for the bond. Bonds are used when needed to keep the company running smoothly. It is protection if their stock drops drastically.
Bonds are usually traded through brokers and are part of a financial instrument group called Fixed Income. Banks and financial institutions offer loans on different terms against the security of assets.
certain amount of interest or increment.