Brythonic languages

subfamily of Celtic languages, including Welsh, Cornish, Breton and Cumbric

The Brythonic languages are a language family of the Celtic languages. They are spoken in Brittany, Wales and Cornwall. While going extinct in the rest of the British Isles, the (recognised) regions include: Cumbria and Scotland, while still debated, Common Brittonic[1] was widely spoken across England.

Linguistic classification:Indo-European

There are three Brythonic languages:

And three extinct languages

Native speakersEdit

Cornish (Kernowek) is an extinct language.[2][3] A Cornish revival movement introduced the language to 557 people. Cornish is mainly a L2 (second language) for most, if not all, Cornish speakers.

Breton (Brezhoneg) is spoken mostly in Brittany,[4] With small communities of speakers in North-West regional France, although it is "severely endangered" .

Welsh (Cymraeg) is spoken by around 20% of the total population of Wales. Welsh has over 700,000 speakers in the whole of the United Kingdom. Welsh and English are both official languages in Wales.


  1. "". Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  2. "THE HISTORY OF THE CORNISH LANGUAGE". CelticLife International. CelticLife International. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  3. Parry, John (1946). "The Revival of Cornish: An Dasserghyans Kernewek". PMLA. Modern Language Association. 61 (1): 258–268. doi:10.2307/459233. JSTOR 459233. S2CID 163898565.
  4. UNESCO Atlas of the World's languages in danger.