Carlo Biotti

Judge of Supreme Court of Cassation, President of the Milan Court, board member of the football team AC Milan

Carlo Biotti (1901 – 10 December 1977) was an Italian judge. He became the President of the Court of Milan. His forced removal from the case brought by the widow of Giuseppe Pinelli against the police commissioner Luigi Calabresi in 1971 became a cause célèbre.

Carlo Biotti
Died10 December 1977

Biotti was the leading judge in the case brought by the widow of Giuseppe Pinelli against the police commissioner Luigi Calabresi. Calabresi had led the investigation into the Piazza Fontana bombing. Pinelli died in mysterious circumstances during a police interrogation after the bombing. On 27 May 1971, Biotti was removed at the request of Calabresi's lawyer. The lawyer claimed that in a private conversation Biotti had admitted that for career reasons he had already formed an opinion on the case.[1][2][3] It was a claim that Biotti vehemently denied.[4] Neither Biotti nor his two fellow judges were convinced that Pinelli had died from falling from the police station window. His forced removal prevented the exhumation of Pinelli's body, and delayed the investigation for two years.[5]

Biotti fought for years to clear his name and in November 1974 was completely exonerated by the Court of Florence.[5] He died three years later at the age of 76. In the 2012 film Piazza Fontana: The Italian Conspiracy, the character of Carlo Biotti is played by Bob Marchese.[6]

From 1964 Biotti was also a director of A.C. Milan.[7]


  1. Sofri, Adriano (2013). La notte che Pinelli. Sellerio Editore srl. p. 121. ISBN 978-88-389-2879-6.
  2. Luna, Giovanni De (2011). Le ragioni di un decennio. 1969-1979. Militanza, violenza, sconfitta, memoria. Feltrinelli Editore. p. 24. ISBN 978-88-07-72282-0.
  3. La Civilta cattolica. La Civiltà Cattolica. 1972. p. 272.
  4. Giannuli, Aldo (2013). Bombe a inchiostro. Bur. p. 85. ISBN 978-88-586-5058-5.
  5. 5.0 5.1 L'Unità, 17 November 1974. "Il giudice Biotti assolto a Firenze con formula piena"[permanent dead link]
  6. Press book: Romanzo di una strage Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. Carlo Biotti.