Central Powers

Military coalition in World War I

The Central Powers were a group of nations fighting against the Allied Powers during World War I.

European military alliances in 1914. The Central Powers are shown in purple, the Allies in gray and neutral countries in yellow

The members included Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria and their territories. In 1918 the breakaway republics of Azerbaijan, Finland and Lithuania also supported them. The Central Powers lost the war. The Allied Forces included Great Britain, Canada, Newfoundland, Russia, France, later the United States of America, Greece, Portugal, Brazil, Georgia, Armenia, Australia, Japan and Italy.