Central Sulawesi

province of Indonesia, on island of Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. It is at the center of the island of Sulawesi. The capital and largest city is Palu. The population was 2,633,420 in the 2010 census. In 2014, the government reported the population as 2,839,290. The area of Central Sulawesi is 61,841.29 km2 (23,877 sq mi)[2]

Central Sulawesi
Sulawesi Tengah
From top, left to right : Madale Beach in Poso, City View of Luwuk, Lake Poso festival, Gulf of Palu, Sabo Beach in Ampana, Kadidiri Island in Kepulauan Togean National Park, Behoa Valley
Flag of Central Sulawesi
Official seal of Central Sulawesi
Maliu Ntinuvu (Palu)
(Unites All The Elements and The Potential that Exists)
Location of Central Sulawesi in Indonesia
Location of Central Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°00′S 121°00′E / 1.000°S 121.000°E / -1.000; 121.000
Country Indonesia
Founded13 April 1964
Capital Palu
 • GovernorRusdy Mastura (Gerindra)
 • Vice GovernorMa'mun Amir
 • Total61,841.29 km2 (23,877.06 sq mi)
 • Total2,839,290
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groupsButon (23%)
Kaili (20%)
Bugis (19%)
Tolaki (16%)
Muna (15%)
Gorontaloan (7%)
 • Religion[1]Islam (78.9%)
Protestantism (16.31%)
Hinduism (3.64%)
Roman Catholicism (0.9%)
Buddhism (0.14%)
 • LanguagesIndonesian (official)
Time zoneUTC+08 (Indonesia Central Time)
90xxx, 91xxx, 92xxx
Area codes(+62) 4xx
ISO 3166 codeID-ST
Vehicle registrationDN
HDIIncrease 0.681 (Medium)
HDI rank26th (2017)
Largest city by areaPalu – 395 square kilometres (153 sq mi)
Largest city by populationPalu – (335,297 – 2010)
Largest regency by areaMorowali Regency – 9,584 square kilometres (3,700 sq mi)
Largest regency by populationParigi Moutong Regency – (413,645 – 2010)

The province used to be called Central Celebes. It covers the northern part of the island of Sulawesi, the southern part of the northern peninsula and the eastern peninsula. It has ten districts (kabupaten, also called regency). It is very mountainous, and there are many ethnic groups. Most of the people live on the plains near the coast. The other areas are difficult to reach, and the roads are in a bad state, especially on the eastern peninsula. The dominant religion is Islam, with 79% of the population. About 16% are Protestants, and 1% are Catholics. There are also people who follow indigenous faiths. Palu is the only city, and the only bigger settlement. In the district Poso, there may be tensions, which are fueled by religious disputes.

Because of its relative isolation, the province is one of the least developed ones in Indonesia. Timber and forestry is the most important branch of the economy. There is the Lore-Lindu National park, in the mountains just south of Palu. This national park is important for many indigenous species.

In the last few years, growing cocoa has become more important.

Islam reached the region in the 17th century, since the 18th century it was a Dutch colony. With Dutch colonization, Protestant missionaries also started their work. Today, about a sixth of the population are Protestants. This is one of the highest values in Indonesia.

In the Second World War, the province was occupied by Japanese forces. After the independence of Indonesia, in 1949, the area was part of the province North Sulawesi. The current province was established in 1964.

References change

  1. "Sebanyak 78,9% Penduduk Sulawesi Tengah Beragama Islam pada Juni 2021 | Databoks". databoks.katadata.co.id. Retrieved 20 February 2023.
  2. Trends of the Selected Socio-Economic Indicators of Indonesia (PDF) (Report). Statistics Indonesia. August 2011. ISSN 2085-5664. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  • Ernst Kündig: Morphologie und Hydrographie der Toili-Ebene (Ostcelebes), in: Mitteilungen der Geographisch-Ethnographischen Gesellschaft Zürich, Bd. 32, 1931–1932 (Digitalisat Archived 2012-03-16 at the Wayback Machine)