Chidi (god)

Chinese deity, member of the Wufang Shangdi

The Red Emperor (Chidi) is a Chinese God of fire and the southern direction[1]

Science and technology
Member of Wufang Shangdi
Diagram of the Wufang Shangdi
Major cult centreMount Heng
PredecessorCangdi (Wuxing cycle)
SuccessorHuangdi (Wuxing cycle and in office as the Flame Emperor)

His avatars include the Yan Emperor,[2] Shennong,[3] Emperor Yao[4] and Zhurong.[2]

He is one of the five manifestations of Shangdi and is associated with the essence of fire; his takes the form of a Red Dragon (朱龙 Zhūlóng) or a phoenix. He is the god of farming, raising animals, medicine and market.[5] He helps doctors and scientists.[6] He is linked to Mars.[7]

References change

  1. Bonnefoy, Yves, ed. (1993). Asian mythologies. Translated under the direction of Wendy Doniger by Gerald Honigsblum et al. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-06456-5. OCLC 26973661.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Theobald, Ulrich. "Zhu Rong 祝融 (". Retrieved 2023-03-13.
  3. Bonnefoy, Yves (1993). Asian Mythologies. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226064565.
  4. 班固《漢書》卷1〈高祖紀〉:「高祖被酒……乃拔劍斬蛇……嫗曰:『吾子,白帝子也,化為蛇,當道,今者赤帝子斬之,故哭』」註疏:「應劭曰:『秦襄公以居西,主少昊之神,作西畤,祠白帝。……少昊,金德也。赤帝,堯後謂漢也。殺之者,明漢當滅秦也。』」
  5. Fowler, Jeanine D. (2005). An Introduction to the Philosophy and Religion of Taoism: Pathways to Immortality. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 1845190866.[permanent dead link]
  6. Bonnefoy, Yves (1993). Asian Mythologies. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226064565.
  7. Sun, Xiaochun; Kistemaker, Jacob (1997). The Chinese Sky During the Han: Constellating Stars and Society. Brill. ISBN 9004107371.