Child abuse is the abuse, mistreatment or hurt done to children. It often means abuse done by a child's parents or another caregiver. Injuries to the skin like bruises are one of the signs of child abuse.
Talking about these things and helping children who suffer from child abuse is very important, but some people do not believe it could happen in their country, neighbourhood or family. They like to think these crimes are far away and so they cannot see if a child nearby is in danger.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child abuse and child maltreatment as "all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment [...] or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power."
In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) uses the term child maltreatment to refer to both acts of abuse and neglect. According to the WHO, the term abuse includes "words or overt actions that cause harm, potential harm, or threat of harm to a child"; neglect means "the failure to provide for a child's basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or to protect a child from harm or potential harm".:11
The United States federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum, "any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation" or "an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm".
Types of child abuse change
- Child abandonment - when an adult leaves a child they are supposed to take care of.
- Child labour - when an adult forces a child to work.
- Child prostitution - when an adult make a child prostitute.
- Child sexual abuse — when an adult makes a child do sexual things, including sexual touching, or sexual intercourse.
- Psychological abuse of children - Treating children badly so that they develop a trauma: with very young children a general lack of care may be physical abuse.
- Chastisement – beating (En wiki: "infliction of corporal punishment as defined by law") or other like treatment amounting to physical abuse.
- "Child abuse and neglect by parents and other caregivers" (PDF). World Health Organization. p. 3. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- Leeb R.T.; Paulozzi, L.J.; Melanson C.; Simon T.R.; Arias I. (January 2008). Child Maltreatment Surveillance: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements, Version 1.0 (PDF). Atlanta, Georgia: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 August 2017.
- Herrenkohl RC (2005). "The definition of child maltreatment: from case study to construct". Child Abuse and Neglect. 29 (5): 413–24. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2005.04.002. PMID 15970317.
- "Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect in Federal Law". childwelfare.gov. Children’s Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Archived from the original on 16 May 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2016.