French automotive brand

Citroën is car manufacturer based in France. It was founded by André-Gustave Citroën in 1919 and it became the first mass-production car company outside the USA [4] and pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network that complements the motor car.[5]

Automobiles CITROËN
Subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroën
FounderAndré Citroën
HeadquartersSaint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, France[1]
Production output
1,302,900[2] (2009)
Number of employees
ParentPSA Peugeot Citroën
The Citroën Traction Avant, a classic car of the 1940s


Citroën were innovators in car design. Their Traction Avant (pictured) had the first mass production of three revolutionary features that are still in use today. They are: a unitary body with no separate frame, four-wheel independent suspension, and front-wheel drive.

Later on, in the 1950s, Citroën developed a remarkable type of suspension. A high-pressure hydraulic system was used in over 9 million Citroën cars. They included the DS, SM, GS, CX, BX, XM, Xantia, C5, and C6. Self-levelling is the principal benefit – the car kept a constant ride height above the road. It adjusted to the passenger and cargo load, and gave a very soft suspension. This type of suspension smooths out road irregularities without disturbing the occupants.[6] It is often compared to riding on a 'magic carpet' for this reason.[7]



  1. "Saint-Ouen retrouve son fleuve, la Seine." l'Humanité. 28 October 2006. Retrieved on 3 February 2010. "La mort lente des petites entreprises, la délocalisation des plus importantes ont transformé Saint-Ouen. Il ne reste en centre-ville que l’usine Citroën.."
  3. "The Company". Retrieved 2007-09-19.
  4. "NSN".
  5. "Citroë".
  7. "Citroen XM (1989 - 2000)". Honest John.