Communist Party of Cuba
The Communist Party of Cuba[a] is the ruling political party in Cuba. It is a Marxist–Leninist communist party. The Cuban constitution describes the role of the party to be the "leading force of society and of the state". Since April 2021, the First Secretary of the Central Committee has been Miguel Díaz-Canel. The Second Secretary has been José Ramón Machado Ventura.
|First Secretary||Miguel Díaz-Canel|
|Second Secretary||José Ramón Machado|
|Founded||3 October 1965|
|Preceded by||26th of July Movement|
Popular Socialist Party
|Youth wing||Young Communist League|
|Pioneer wing||José Martí Pioneer Organization|
Socialism of the 21st century
|International affiliation||International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties|
Foro de São Paulo
|Slogan||¡Hasta la victoria siempre!|
Cuba had a number of communist and anarchist organizations from the early period of the Republic. The original "internationalised" Communist Party of Cuba formed in the 1920s. In 1944, it was renamed as the Popular Socialist Party for electoral reasons. In July 1961, two years after the successful overthrow of Fulgencio Batista and the creation of a revolutionary government, the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations (ORI) was formed. It was a merger of:
- Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement
- The Popular Socialist Party led by Blas Roca
- The student-based Revolutionary Directory led by Faure Chomón
On 26 March 1962, the ORI became the United Party of the Cuban Socialist Revolution (PURSC), which became the Communist Party of Cuba on 3 October 1965. In Article 5 of the Cuban constitution of 1976, the Communist Party is recognized as "the superior guiding force of society and of the State, that organizes and orients common efforts toward the high goals of the construction of socialism and the advancement toward communist society". All parties, including the Communist Party, are prohibited from advertizing their organizations.
For the first fifteen years of its existence, the Communist Party was almost completely inactive outside of the Politburo. The 100 person Central Committee rarely met and the first regular party Congress was held ten years after its founding. In 1969, membership of the party was only 55,000 (0.7% of the population), making the PCC the smallest ruling communist party in the world. By the time of the first party Congress in 1975, the party had grown to just over two hundred thousand members. By 1980, the party had grown to over 430,000 members and it grew further to 520,000 by 1985.
The leading bodies of the party were the Politburo and the Secretariat until 1991. In 1991 the two bodies were merged into an expanded Politburo with over twenty members. However, the Secretariat was re-introduced in 2002. There is also a Central Committee which meets between party congresses. At the Fifth Congress, the size of the Central Committee was reduced to 150 members from the previous membership of 225. Fidel Castro was the party's First Secretary (or leader) since its creation while Raúl Castro was the Second Secretary. Upon Fidel Castro's 2008 resignation from the party and Cuban government, Raúl Castro became First Secretary.
|2||Juan Esteban Lazo Hernández||Old||1944||Male|
|3||Salvador Antonio Valdés Mesa||Old||1945||Male|
|4||Roberto Morales Ojeda||Old||1967||Male|
|5||Álvaro López Miera||Old||1943||Male|
|6||Bruno Eduardo Rodríguez Parrilla||Old||1958||Male|
|7||Ulises Guilarte de Nacimiento||Old||1964||Male|
|8||Marta Ayala Ávila||Old||1966||Female|
|9||Manuel Marrero Cruz||New||1963||Male|
|10||Teresa María Amarelle Boué||Old||1963||Female|
|11||José Amado Ricardo Guerra||New||1965||Male|
|12||Luis Alberto Rodríguez López-Calleja||New||1961||Male|
|13||Lázaro Alberto Álvarez Casas||New||1963||Male|
|14||Gladys Martínez Verdecia||New||19??||Female|
The Communist Party of Cuba has a youth wing, the Young Communist League (Unión de Jóvenes Comunistas, UJC) which is a member organization of the World Federation of Democratic Youth. It also has a children's group, the José Martí Pioneer Organization.
National Assembly of People's PowerEdit
|Election year||Number of
|Percentage of votes||Number of seats|
|1976||Elected by the members of the Municipal Assemblies|
489 / 489
|1981||Elected by the members of the Municipal Assemblies|
499 / 499
589 / 589
601 / 601
614 / 614
612 / 612
605 / 605
- "7th PCC Congress Central Report, presented by First Secretary Raúl Castro Ruz". en.cubadebate.cu. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "IPU PARLINE database: CUBA (Asamblea nacional del Poder popular), Last elections". ipu.org. Inter-Parliamentary Union. 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- "End of the Castro era: Diaz-Canel becomes Cuban Communist Party chief".
- "Cuba: Constitución". pdba.georgetown.edu. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
- "Cuban Communist Party's Political Bureau". The Caribbean Council. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
- "Nuevo Buró Político, Secretariado y miembros del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba" [New members of the Political Bureau, Secretariat and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba announced]. Granma. Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba. 19 April 2021. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021 – via Granma.
- Spanish: Partido Comunista de Cuba (PCC)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Communist Party of Cuba.|
- Official website (in Spanish)