part of speech that connects two words, sentences, phrases, or clauses

Conjunctions are words which join phrases, clauses and sentences.[1]

Conjunctions have three basic forms which are shown in the table below.[2]

Form Words Sentences
Single Word and, but, because, although, or, so, for, etc. Do you want chips or cake?
Compound provided that, as long as, in order that/to, etc. You need to exercise in order to lose weight.
Correlative[3][4] both/and, either/or, neither/nor, if/then, not/but, not only/but also Either Monday or Tuesday is fine.

Not only should you eat fruit, but also vegetables.

Conjunctions also have two functions, as shown below.[1][2]

Type Function Position Example Sentences
Coordinating conjunctions Join equal (independent) parts of a sentence. Always come between the words/clauses that they join. Jack and Jill went up the hill.

The water was warm, but I didn't go swimming.

Subordinating conjunctions Join subordinate clauses to main clauses. Usually come at the beginning of subordinate clauses. I went swimming although it was cold.

Although some people say it's not correct to use conjunctions at the beginning of a sentences, many famous writers do so.[1][2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Conjunctions". Oxford Dictionaries. Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Conjunctions". English Club. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  3. "Coordinating Conjunctions and Correlative Conjunctions". Talk English. Retrieved 29 March 2014.[permanent dead link]
  4. Richard Nordquist. "correlative conjunction". About. Archived from the original on 14 April 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.

5.Definition of Conjunctions, Examples and Practice Sets