Countries of the United Kingdom

one of four constituent countries of the United Kingdom: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

The countries of the United Kingdom are the non-sovereign countries that make up the UK. They share the same head of state, passport, military and sovereignty under the name of the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".

In decreasing order of area they are :



The United Nations and UK government says that the United Kingdom is officially made up of 2 countries (England and Scotland), one principality (Wales) and one province (Northern Ireland). [source?][1] However, Wales has not formally been a principality since the 16th century with the Laws in Wales Acts. In 2011 the International Organization for Standards officially granted Wales the status of country to clear ambiguity and avoid further confusion.[2] Northern Ireland has been described variously as a country, province or region.


  1. "Devolution of powers to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  2. "Changes in the list of subdivision names and code elements" (PDF). 15 December 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2020.