Countries of the United Kingdom

one of four constituent countries of the United Kingdom: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
United Kingdom labelled map7 vector.svg

The number of countries that make up the United Kingdom is often the subject of debate. In decreasing order of area they are:

The United Nations and UK government says that the United Kingdom is officially made up of 2 countries (England and Scotland), one principality (Wales) and one province (Northern Ireland).[source?][1] However, Wales has not formally been a principality since the 16th century with the Laws in Wales Acts. In 2011 the International Organization for Standards officially granted Wales the status of country to clear ambiguity and avoid further confusion, thus the first statement may be corrected to 3 countries and 1 province.[2]


  1. "Devolution of powers to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  2. "Changes in the list of subdivision names and code elements" (PDF). 15 December 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2020.