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Crotalus ruber

species of North American snake

The Red Diamond Rattlesnake (Crotalus Ruber) is a species of venomous Pit vipers. There are currently three subspecies found.

Crotalus ruber
Crotalus ruber 02.jpg
Scientific classification
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C. ruber
Binomial name
Crotalus ruber
Cope, 1892
Crotalus ruber distribution.png
Synonyms
  • Caudisona atrox sonoraensis - Kennicott, 1861
  • Crotalus adamanteus atrox - Cope, 1875
  • Crotalus exsul - Garman, 1884
  • Crotalus adamanteus ruber - Cope, 1892
  • Crotalus ruber - Van Denburgh, 1896
  • Crotalus atrox ruber - Stejneger, 1895
  • Crotalus exsul - Grinnell & Camp, 1917
  • Crotalus atrox elegans - Schmidt, 1922
  • Crotalus exul ruber - Kallert, 1927
  • Crotalus ruber ruber - Klauber, 1949
  • Crotalus ruber elegans - Harris & Simmons, 1978
  • Crotalus ruber monserratensis - Harris & Simmons, 1978
  • Crotalus exsul exsul - Grismer, McGuire & Hollingsworth, 1994[2]

DescriptionEdit

The Red Diamond Rattlesnake is a large species of Rattlesnake. It usually grows up to the length of 100 centimeters (39 in), but some males can grow up to the length of 140 centimeters (55 in). The largest ever found was 162 centimeters (64 in) long. Its pattern is similar to the "Western Diamondback Rattlesnake", but the Red Diamond Rattlesnake has more of a reddish color on it.

Common NamesEdit

This snake has many names like the "Red Rattlesnake", the "Red Rattler", the "Red Diamond-backed Rattlesnake", and the "Western Diamond Rattlesnake".

Where it livesEdit

The Red Diamond Rattlesnake lives mainly in deserts and on mountains in Southwestern California, U.S.A, northeastern Baja California, Mexico, and islands in the Gulf of California like Angel de la Guarda, San Macros and Monserrate.

DietEdit

It eats mainly rabbits, ground squirrels, and birds, but sometimes they eat lizards and other snakes.

ReproductionEdit

Red Diamond Rattlesnakes mate in February and April. Females have their babies in August; they have around 3 to 20 babies at a time. The babies are born 30 to 34 cm long.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Hammerson, G.A., Frost, D.R. & Hollingsworth, B. (2007). "Crotalus ruber". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).

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