species of plant in the Cucurbitaceae gourd family

The cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely grown plant in the family Cucurbitaceae. This family also includes squash. A cucumber looks similar to a zucchini (British English: courgette).

Photograph of cucumber vine with fruits, flowers and leaves visible
Cucumbers growing on vines
Photograph of a single cucumber fruit
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Cucumis
C. sativus
Binomial name
Cucumis sativus

To a botanist, cucumbers are biologically fruits even if they are commonly thought of as vegetables: that is their value as a food. They can be cooked, eaten raw, or pickled. Some people hollow out the cucumber and fill it with other food, like tomatoes or feta cheese. [1]


  1. "Cucumber Boats Recipe". Retrieved 2022-03-18.