A cupbearer is traditionally the person who fills the cups and serves the wine. In a medieval court (royal), the cupbearer brought his lord's ale or wine and tasted it to make sure it was not poisoned. The cupbearer was often a person of high rank. It was a distinct honor to be a cupbearer to a king. In the Bible, Nehemiah was cupbearer to the Artaxerxes I of Persia.
- "cupbearer". Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Melitta Weiss Adamson, Food in Medieval Times (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2004), p. 163
- Anne Fitzpatrick-McKinley, Empire, Power and Indigenous Elites: A Case Study of the Nehemiah Memoir (Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2015), p. 186
- Katherine Harris, Nelson's Foundational Bible Dictionary (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 2004), p. 511