Desegregation busing

effort to diversify the racial make-up of schools in the United States

Desegregation busing in the United States (also known as simply busing or forced busing) is the practice of assigning and transporting students to schools within or outside their local school districts in an effort to reduce the racial segregation in schools.[1]

While the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education declared racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional, many American schools continued to remain largely segregated due to housing inequality.[2]


  1. Zhao, Christina (June 27, 2019). "What is busing? Joe Biden forced to defend record of segregation in face of Kamala Harris attacks". Newsweek. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  2. Jost, Kenneth (April 23, 2004). "School Desegregation". CQ Researcher. 14 (15): 345–372.