Doha

capital of Qatar

Doha (Arabic: الدوحة;, Ad-Dawḥah or Ad-Dōḥah) is the capital city of Qatar. It has a population of 400,051 (2005), and is at 25.3° N 51.5333° E, on the Persian Gulf. The city has an airport called Doha International Airport. Doha also has major oil and fishing industries. Doha has an an area devoted to research and education called Education City. Doha was the host of the 2006 Asian Games, a major Asian sporting event. Doha's leader is a sheikh named Sheikh Tamim. The official languag of Doha is English and Arabic. The biggest mall in Qatar is Qatar mall.

Doha

الدوحة
ad-Dawḥa
Doha skyline in the morning
Doha skyline in the morning
Doha is located in Qatar
Doha
Doha
Location of Doha within Qatar
Coordinates: 25°17′12″N 51°32′0″E / 25.28667°N 51.53333°E / 25.28667; 51.53333Coordinates: 25°17′12″N 51°32′0″E / 25.28667°N 51.53333°E / 25.28667; 51.53333
Country Qatar
MunicipalityAd-Dawhah
Established1825
Area
 • metropolis132 km2 (51 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • metropolis1,351,000
 • Density10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
N/A
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)

ClimateEdit

Doha has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with long, extremely hot summers and short, warm winters. The average high temperatures between May and September surpass 38 °C (100 °F) and often approach 45 °C (113 °F). Humidity is usually the lowest in May and June. Dewpoints can surpass 30 °C (86 °F) in the summer. Throughout the summer, the city averages almost no precipitation, and less than 20 mm (0.79 in) during other months. Rainfall is scarce, at a total of 75 mm (2.95 in) per year, falling on isolated days mostly between October to March. The winter's days are relativity warm while the sun is up and cool during the night. The temperature rarely drops below 7 °C (45 °F).

Climate data for Doha (1962–2013, extremes 1962–2013)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.4
(90.3)
36.5
(97.7)
39.0
(102.2)
46.0
(114.8)
47.7
(117.9)
49.1
(120.4)
50.4
(122.7)
48.6
(119.5)
46.2
(115.2)
43.4
(110.1)
38.0
(100.4)
32.7
(90.9)
50.4
(122.7)
Average high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
23.4
(74.1)
27.3
(81.1)
32.5
(90.5)
38.8
(101.8)
41.6
(106.9)
41.9
(107.4)
40.9
(105.6)
38.9
(102.0)
35.4
(95.7)
29.6
(85.3)
24.4
(75.9)
33.05
(91.49)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
18.5
(65.3)
21.7
(71.1)
26.4
(79.5)
31.8
(89.2)
34.5
(94.1)
35.3
(95.5)
34.8
(94.6)
32.8
(91.0)
29.5
(85.1)
24.6
(76.3)
19.6
(67.3)
27.3
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
14.4
(57.9)
17.3
(63.1)
21.4
(70.5)
26.1
(79.0)
28.5
(83.3)
30.2
(86.4)
30.0
(86.0)
27.7
(81.9)
24.6
(76.3)
20.4
(68.7)
15.6
(60.1)
22.5
(72.5)
Record low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
5.0
(41.0)
8.2
(46.8)
10.5
(50.9)
15.2
(59.4)
21.0
(69.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.4
(72.3)
20.3
(68.5)
16.6
(61.9)
11.8
(53.2)
6.4
(43.5)
3.8
(38.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.2
(0.52)
17.1
(0.67)
16.1
(0.63)
8.7
(0.34)
3.6
(0.14)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(0.04)
3.3
(0.13)
12.1
(0.48)
75.2
(2.96)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.7 2.1 1.8 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 1.3 8.8
Average relative humidity (%) 71 70 63 52 44 41 49 55 62 63 66 71 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 244.9 224.0 241.8 273.0 325.5 342.0 325.5 328.6 306.0 303.8 276.0 241.8 3,432.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.9 8.0 7.8 9.1 10.5 11.4 10.5 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.2 7.8 9.4
Source 1: NOAA[1]
Source 2: Qatar Meteorological Department (Climate Normals 1962–2013)[2]
Doha mean sea temperature[3]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
20.5 °C (68.9 °F) 19.1 °C (66.4 °F) 20.9 °C (69.6 °F) 23.7 °C (74.7 °F) 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) 30.9 °C (87.6 °F) 32.8 °C (91.0 °F) 33.9 °C (93.0 °F) 33.1 °C (91.6 °F) 31.0 °C (87.8 °F) 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) 23.1 °C (73.6 °F)

BordersEdit

It is bordered by Saudi Arabia on its South and the Persian gulf on its north, east and west. The nearest oversea country is Bahrain.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Doha International Airport Climate Normals 1962-1992". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 29, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. "Climate Information For Doha". Qatar Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on November 27, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Monthly Doha water temperature chart". Seatemperatures.org. Retrieved 2014-01-20. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)