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Duecento

Italian term for the 13th century
Masterpiece of the Duecento by Giotto: St. Francis' Sermon to the Birds

Duecento is the name of the 13th century in the Italian language. It is related to the culture of the Pre-Renaissance in Italy.

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The Duecento is considered the century before the beginning of the Italian Renaissance cultural movement in the Trecento. It is sometimes called Early Proto-Renaissance.

One of the most important centres of art and architecture in this period is Florence, a political, economical and cultural pole of Italy. Other important cities were Pisa, Siena, Arezzo, Mantua and Perugia, all of them in the area of Tuscany.

In the Duecento Italy developed the music of the so called Trovatori, including Sordello of Mantua. From them later developed the classical music of the Italian Renaissance.

The main personalities in this century were: Dante Alighieri (considered the "father" of the Italian language); Guittone d'Arezzo; Cimabue; Giotto di Bondone; Guido da Siena; Nicola Pisano; Arnolfo di Cambio and others. Giotto, who was an Italian painter and architect from Florence, is generally thought of as the first in a line of great artists of the Italian Renaissance that stretched until Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.

During the Duecento the religious figure of Saint Francis of Assisi dominated the Italian souls. His poem Canticle of the Sun is considered a precursor of Renaissance poetry [1]

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BibliographyEdit

  • Eugenio Garin. Medioevo e Rinascimento. Studi e ricerche Laterza. Milano, 2005.
  • Luiz C. Marques, La peinture du Duecento en Italie centrale. Picard, 1987