One of the most important centres of art and architecture in this period is Florence, a political, economical and cultural pole of Italy. Other important cities were Pisa, Siena, Arezzo, Mantua and Perugia, all of them in the area of Tuscany.
In the Duecento Italy developed the music of the so-called Trovatori, including Sordello of Mantua. From them later developed the classical music of the Italian Renaissance.
The main personalities in this century were: Dante Alighieri (considered the "father" of the Italian language); Guittone d'Arezzo; Cimabue; Giotto di Bondone; Guido da Siena; Nicola Pisano; Arnolfo di Cambio and others. Giotto, who was an Italian painter and architect from Florence, is generally thought of as the first in a line of great artists of the Italian Renaissance that stretched until Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.
- Eugenio Garin. Medioevo e Rinascimento. Studi e ricerche Laterza. Milano, 2005.
- Luiz C. Marques, La peinture du Duecento en Italie centrale. Picard, 1987