East Nusa Tenggara

province of Indonesia, eastern portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands

East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur – NTT) isa province of Indonesia. It is the east part of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It faces the Indian Ocean to the south and the Flores Sea to the north. There are more than 500 islands in the province. The largest islands are Sumba, Flores, and the western part of Timor. There is a land border between the province and the country East Timor. There are twenty-one regencies and the regency-level city of Kupang in the province. Kupang is the capital and largest city.

East Nusa Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara Timur
From top, left to right : Kelimutu, Nature in Flores, Boa Beach in Rote Ndao Regency, Labuan Bajo, view of Komodo Island, Dancers in Watublapi in traditional costume, Kukusan Island in Flores
Flag of East Nusa Tenggara
Official seal of East Nusa Tenggara
Location of East Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
Location of East Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
Coordinates: 10°11′S 123°35′E / 10.183°S 123.583°E / -10.183; 123.583
Country Indonesia
Established17 December 1958
(and largest city)
 • GovernorViktor Laiskodat (Nasdem)
 • Deputy GovernorJosef Sae Noi
 • Total47,245.82 km2 (18,241.71 sq mi)
 • Rank13th
Highest elevation2,458 m (8,064 ft)
 (2014 Estimate)[1]
 • Total5,070,746
 • Rank12th
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groupsAtoni or Dawan (22%)
Manggarai (15%)
Sumba (12%)
Belu (9%)
Lamaholot (8%)
Rote (5%)
Lio (4%)[2]
 • ReligionRoman Catholicism (51.83%)
Protestantism (38.68%)
Islam (9.28%)
Hinduism (0.19%)
Buddhism (0.01%)[3]
 • LanguagesIndonesian, Kupang Malay, Lamaholot, Uab Meto, Bunak, Tetum
Time zoneUTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
80xxx, 81xxx, 82xxx
Area codes(62)3xx
ISO 3166 codeID-NT
Vehicle signDH (Timor), EB (Flores, Alor, Lembata), ED (Sumba)
HDIIncrease 0.631 (Medium)
HDI rank32nd (2016)

East Nusa Tenggara is the only province in Indonesia where most people are Christian It is the only Indonesian province where Roman Catholicism is the main religion. The area of the province is 47,245.82 km2. The population at the 2010 Census was 4,683,827. An official estimate of the population in January 2014 was 5,070,746. East Nusa Tenggara is one of the least developed provinces in Indonesia. Tourism is growing here. The most well-known attractions are Labuan Bajo, Komodo National Park, and Mount Kelimutu.

Provincial Government


This is a list of governors of East Nusa Tenggara.


Komodo dragon a large species of lizard living in this province
One of the crater lakes of Kelimutu
Traditional Sumbanese house in West Sumba


  1. Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010 Archived November 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 17 January 2011 (in Indonesian)
  2. Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003
  3. 2017 estimate

Other websites