process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time
Notable ecologists change
Several scientists are prominent in the history of this theory:
- Adolphe Dureau de la Malle was the first to use the word succession. He wrote about the process of re-growth after trees in a forest had been cut down.
- Henry David Thoreau described succession in an Oak-Pine forest in "The Succession of Forest Trees" in the year 1859.
- Henry Chandler Cowles developed a formal concept of plant-growth succession. Henry's work was based on studies of sand dunes in Danish by Eugen Warming. Cowles proposed the term sere. This is a repeat of changes which are shown in specific environmental circumstances.
- Frederic Clements proposed a theory that seres were highly predictable.
- Henry Gleason proposed that chance factors were very important, even in highly predicable sere areas.
- Connell, Joseph and R. O. Slatyer. (1977). "Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability and organization," The American Naturalist, Vol. 111, Issue 982, pp. 1119–44.
- McEvoy, Thom. (2004). Positive Impact Forestry, p. 32.
- Goldsmith, Edward. "Ecological Succession Rehabilitated," Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine The Ecologist, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1985; retrieved 2011-12-19.