Employment and Support Allowance

British social security benefit

Employment and Support Allowance is a United Kingdom social security benefit for adults younger than the State Pension age who are having difficulty finding work because of sickness. It was started in 2008.[1]

It is paid when Statutory Sick Pay comes to an end. People who have paid enough National Insurance can get contributory ESA. Income-related ESA is for people who have not paid enough National Insurance contributions. People who have more than £16,000 savings cannot get that.

After 13 weeks most people have to have a Work Capability Assessment.


  1. "The benefits of welfare reform outweigh the risks". The Observer. 2008-11-23. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2023-05-12.