Erich Hartmann

German officer and fighter pilot during World War II

Erich Alfred "Bubi" Hartmann (19 April 1922 in Weissach – 20 September 1993 in Weil im Schönbuch) [1][2] was a German flying ace in World War II.[3] He was the flying ace with the most victories ever: 352 planes.[3] After the war he spent ten years in Soviet prison camps. Later, he joined the West Germany Air Force. He had a conflict with his superiors in the West German Air Force. So he was forced to resign. After that, he worked as a flight instructor.

His highest rank was that of colonel.


  1. Toliver, Raymond F. and Trevor J. Constable (1986). The Blond Knight of Germany. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-8306-8189-2.
  2. Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges. (in German) Selbstverlag, Germany: Florian Berger. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bowers, Al; Lednicer, David (17 May, 1999). "Fighter Pilot Aces List". Retrieved 2009-04-13. Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)