Führer is the German word for leader. The word Führer is most often used to name Adolf Hitler. Hitler was the German Chancellor during the Third Reich. The dictator Adolf Hitler used the word Führer for his title Führer and Reichskanzler of the Third Reich.
|Führer of Nazism
Führer der Nationalsozialismus
|Precursor||Adolf Hitler (as Chancellor)|
|Formation||2 August 1934|
|First holder||Adolf Hitler|
|Final holder||Adolf Hitler|
|Abolished||30 April 1945|
Other people were (or are) also called Führer or its equivalent:
- Julius Caesar was Dictator of the Roman Republic
- Oliver Cromwell was Lord Protector of what was called the Commonwealth. That was England+Wales, Scotland and Ireland, a somewhat larger area than the present United Kingdom.
- Benito Mussolini (Il Duce)
- Joseph Stalin: the innocuous title of General Secretary hid his real power.
- Francisco Franco: President
- Ion Antonescu and Nicolae Ceauşescu, former heads of state of Romania (Conducător)
- Fidel Castro, the former President of Cuba (Máximo Líder)
- Kim Il-sung, the founder of North Korea 위대한 수령 widaehan suryŏng Supreme leader
- Kim Jong-il, his son was called 친애하는 지도자 ch'inaehanŭn chidoja Beloved leader when he took office, then called Supreme leader
- Ante Pavelić: Dictator of the "Independent state of Croatia" (Poglavnik). This was a puppet state of the Third Reich.
- Ferenc Szálasi was a dictator in Hungary; in 1944 and 1945, he was Leader of the nation (Hungarian: Nemzetvezető).
- Nursultan Nasarbajew, the President of Kazakhstan since 1991, has the title Leader of the nation (Ұлт Лидері/Ult Lideri) since 2010.
- Muammar al-Gaddafi, President of Lybia from 1969 to 1979, was Revolutionary leader, until 2011.