term for the legal opinion or learned interpretation that a qualified jurist or mufti can give on issues pertaining to the Islamic law
A fatwa (Arabic: فتوى; plural fatāwa), is a legal pronouncement in Islam. A mufti (a scholar capable of making judgments on Sharia (Islamic law)) pronounces it. Usually, a fatwa is made to clarify a question where "fiqh" (Islamic jurisprudence) is unclear. Usually a judge or other person requests it.