Filter feeder

a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure
Krill feeding on phytoplankton.

Filter feeders are animals that feed on matter and food particles from water. Some animals that do this are clams, krill, sponges, baleen whales and many fish such as sharks. Some birds such as flamingos are also filter feeders. Filter feeders can help clear water.


  • Bullivant, JS (1968). "A Revised Classification of Suspension Feeders". Tuatara. 16 (2): 151–160. Unknown parameter |author-separator= ignored (help)
  • Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders // Hydrobiologia. 2005. Vol. 542, No. 1. P. 275 – 286

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