Flag of Indonesia

national flag of Indonesia

The flag of Indonesia a.k.a. Sang Saka Merah Putih, Sang Merah Putih or Sang Saka Dwiwarna is a bicolour flag with two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3.

Indonesia
Flag of Indonesia.svg
Name
  • Sang Saka Merah Putih[1] (derived from Javanese: ꦱꦁ​ꦱꦏ​ꦲꦧꦁ​ꦥꦸꦠꦶꦃ, romanized: Sang Såkå Abang Putih, lit.'The Red-White Heirloom'; one of the nicknames of the Majapahit empire's flag)
  • Sang Merah Putih[2] (derived from Javanese: ꦱꦁ​​ꦲꦧꦁ​ꦥꦸꦠꦶꦃ, romanized: Sang Abang Putih, lit.'The Red-White'; the simplified term for Sang Saka Merah Putih)
  • Sang Saka Dwiwarna[3] (derived from Javanese: ꦱꦁ​ꦱꦏ​ꦢ꧀ꦮꦶ​ꦮꦂꦤ, romanized: Sang Såkå Dwi Warnå, lit.'The Bicolor Heirloom')
  • Bendera Pusaka[4] (derived from Javanese: ꦒꦼꦤ꧀ꦢꦺꦫꦦꦸꦱꦏ, romanized: Gêndérå Pusåkå, lit.'The Heirloom Flag')
UseNational flag and ensign National flag and ensign
Proportion2:3
Adopted
DesignA horizontal bicolour of red and white
Naval Jack of Indonesia.svg
Variant flag of Indonesia
NameOriginal form:
  • Sang Saka Getih Getah (derived from Javanese: ꦱꦁ​ꦱꦏ​ꦒꦼꦠꦶꦃ​ꦒꦼꦠꦃ; one of the nicknames of the Majapahit empire's flag)
  • Sang Saka Abang Putih (derived from Javanese: ꦱꦁ​ꦱꦏ​ꦲꦧꦁ​ꦥꦸꦠꦶꦃ, romanized: Sang Såkå Abang Putih, lit.'The Red-White Heirloom'; one of the nicknames of the Majapahit empire's flag)

Official (modern era):

  • Ular-Ular Perang (derived from Javanese: ꦲꦸꦭꦲꦸꦭꦥꦼꦫꦁ, romanized: Ulå-Ulå Pêrang, lit.'The Battle Snakes')
  • Lencana Perang (derived from Javanese: ꦭꦤ꧀ꦕꦤ​ꦥꦼꦫꦁ, romanized: Lancånå Pêrang, lit.'The Battle Emblem')
UseNaval jack
Proportion2:3
DesignNine horizontal stripes of alternating red and white

The flag of Indonesia is graphically identical to the Flag of Monaco, with a slight difference only in the ratio of its dimensions.

UsageEdit

 
The National Monument with a row of Indonesian flags
 
The Indonesian flag of Ular-Ular Perang variant used by Indonesian Navy

Regulation and flag protocolEdit

The flag is described in Article 35, Chapter XV, of the Constitution of Indonesia; Government Regulation No. 24/2009; and Government Regulation No. 40/1958.[5]

The national flag shall be Sang Merah Putih (The Red-White)

— Article 35, Chapter XV, Constitution of Indonesia[6]

The raising of the flag should be conducted in the time between sunrise until sunset, but in certain circumstances, it can be done at night. In daily use, the flag should be flown at every commemoration such as the Indonesian Independence Day on 17 August every year, by the citizens who have a right to use it at house, building or office, schools, colleges, public and private transport and the representative office of Indonesia in overseas. The flag can be flown in maritime-based activity as well.

 
Indonesian sail training ship KRI Dewaruci at Sailabration 2012, Baltimore Inner Harbor, Maryland, USA
 
Indonesian Navy Ship with the flag of Indonesia flown (Ular-Ular Perang variant)

It can be used as the cover of the coffin of a President or former Presidents, Vice President or former Vice Presidents, Members of Cabinet, Speaker of People's Representative Council, and Head of Government, members of the Indonesian Armed Forces, and persons who are members of the Indonesian National Police who died in service, or an Indonesian citizen who made contributions to their nation as a badge of honor.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Sang Saka Merah Putih". kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id. The Language Development and Development Agency, Ministry of Education and Culture of Republic Indonesia.
  2. "Sang Merah Putih". kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id. The Language Development and Development Agency, Ministry of Education and Culture of Republic Indonesia.
  3. "Sang Saka Dwiwarna". kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id. The Language Development and Development Agency, Ministry of Education and Culture of Republic Indonesia.
  4. "Bendera Pusaka". kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id. The Language Development and Development Agency, Ministry of Education and Culture of Republic Indonesia.
  5. "UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA : NOMOR 24 TAHUN 2009" (PDF). Badanbahasa.kemdikbud.go.id. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  6. Indrayana, Denny (2008). Indonesian Constitutional Reform 1999-2002: An Evaluation of Constitution-Making in Transition. Jakarta: Kompas Book Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 978-979-709-394-5.