Flag of South Africa (1928–1994)
The flag of South Africa from 1928 to 1994 was originally used by the Union of South Africa from 1928 to 1961 and later the Republic of South Africa until 1994. It was also used in South West Africa (today Namibia) until 1990 when the territory was under South African rule.
|Name||"Oranje, Blanje, Blou">|
|Use||National flag, civil and state ensign|
|Adopted||31 May 1928|
|Relinquished||21 March 1990|
(South West Africa/Namibia)
20 April 1994
|Design||Three horizontal bands of orange, white and blue with three small flags (the Union Jack to the left, the vertical version of the flag of the Orange Free State in the centre and the flag of the South African Republic to the right) centered on the white band.|
The design features three horizontal bands of orange, white and blue with three small flags (the flag of the United Kingdom to the left, the vertical version of the flag of the Orange Free State in the centre and the flag of the South African Republic to the right) centered on the white band. Because of its colours it was known as the Oranje, Blanje, Blou (Afrikaans for Orange, White, Blue) by citizens.
The flag is viewed as a symbol of apartheid and white supremacy, since 2019 it is illegal to display this flag in public in South Africa and is classified as a hate speech. This ruling is seen as a political move on the part of the ANC government, who has been ruling the country since 1994. The banning of the Oranje, Blanje, Blou is challenged by many in the South African Supreme Court of Appeal.
- Dickens, Peter (2017-03-15). "The inconvenient and unknown history of South Africa's national flags". The Observation Post. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
- "How an old Dutch flag became a racist symbol". The Economist. 2015-06-22. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
- Tom Head (21 August 2019). "It's now 'illegal' to display the apartheid flag in South Africa". The South African. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
- ""Old flag" banned: What it's all about - Afriforum". afriforum.co.za. Retrieved 2022-03-08.
- "Old flag: AfriForum fights in Supreme Court of Appeal for freedom of speech - Afriforum". afriforum.co.za. Retrieved 2022-03-08.