force carrier, a bosonic particle that carries any of the fundamental interactions of nature, commonly called forces
- W and Z bosons, which carry the weak force
- Gluons, which carry the strong force
- Photons, which carry the electromagnetic force
Gauge bosons are thought to interact with the Higgs field. This theoretical field is believed by many scientists to be responsible for why some gauge bosons – like W and Z bosons – have mass, while others – such as photons – do not have mass.