Gerard 't Hooft

Dutch theoretical physicist

Gerardus 't Hooft (born July 5, 1946) is a Dutch physicist. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with his doctoral advisor Martinus J. G. Veltman.[1]

Gerard 't Hooft
Gerard 't Hooft.jpg
November 2008
Born (1946-07-05) July 5, 1946 (age 76)
Known forQuantum Field Theory, Quantum Gravity
AwardsHeineman Prize (1979)
Wolf Prize (1981)
Lorentz Medal (1986)
Spinoza Prize (1995)
Franklin Medal (1995)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1999)
Lomonosov Gold Medal (2010)
Scientific career
FieldsTheoretical physics
InstitutionsUtrecht University

'T Hooft is well known for his theories about gauge theory, black holes, and quantum gravity.

Personal lifeEdit

He is married to Albertha Schik (Betteke) and has two daughters, Saskia and Ellen.


Early lifeEdit

Gerard 't Hooft was born in Den Helder on July 5, 1946, but grew up in The Hague. He was the middle child of a family of three.


After Gerard 't Hooft passed his high school exams in 1964, he saved in the physics program at Utrecht University.In 1969, 't Hooft started on his PhD with Martinus Veltman as his advisor. In 1971 his first paper was published.[2]


  1. "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1999". Nobel web.
  2. 't Hooft, G. . (1971). "Renormalization of massless Yang-Mills fields". Nuclear Physics B. 33 (1): 173–177. Bibcode:1971NuPhB..33..173T. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(71)90395-6.