Gilbert and Sullivan
Gilbert and Sullivan were two men who worked together during the late 19th century to write fourteen well known comic operas. W.S. Gilbert wrote the words to the operas, while Arthur Sullivan was the composer who wrote the music.
Gilbert and Sullivan introduced innovations in content and form that influenced the development of musical theatre in the 20th century. The operas have also influenced political discourse, literature, film and television. Their operas are still commonly performed today, and some have been turned into movies. Many of the operas are very funny, and the songs are often parodied.
Producer Richard D'Oyly Carte brought Gilbert and Sullivan together and helped their collaboration. He built the Savoy Theatre in 1881 to present their joint works, and founded the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, which performed and promoted their works for over a century.
- Thespis, or The Gods Grown Old (1871)
- Trial by Jury (1875)
- The Sorcerer (1877)
- H.M.S. Pinafore, or The Lass That Loved a Sailor (1878)
- The Pirates of Penzance, or The Slave of Duty (1879)
- Patience, or Bunthorne's Bride (1881)
- Iolanthe, or The Peer and the Peri (1882)
- Princess Ida, or Castle Adamant (1884)
- The Mikado, or The Town of Titipu (1885)
- Ruddigore, or The Witch's Curse (1887)
- The Yeomen of the Guard, or The Merryman and his Maid (1888)
- The Gondoliers, or The King of Barataria (1889)
- Utopia, Limited, or The Flowers of Progress (1893)
- The Grand Duke, or The Statutory Duel (1896)
- Osnes, Beth (2001). Sam Gill (ed.). Acting: an international encyclopedia. Art of Living. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780874367959.
- Downs, Peter. Actors cast away cares, Hartford Courant, 18 October 2006
- Crowther, Andrew. The carpet quarrel explained, The Gilbert and Sullivan Archive, 28 June 1997, accessed 6 November 2007