Gladius

ancient Roman sword

A gladius is a Roman short sword mainly used by gladiators and soldiers in Ancient Rome.

Gladius
Uncrossed gladius.jpg
Replica pseudo-Pompeii gladius
TypeSword
Place of originAncient Rome, Italy as gladius
Service history
In service3rd century BC – 3rd century AD
Used byRoman foot soldiers during wars
WarsRoman Republic and Roman Empire
Specifications
Mass0.7–1 kg (1.5–2.2 lb)
Length60–85 cm (24–33 in)
Blade length45–68 cm (18–27 in)
Width5–7 cm (2.0–2.8 in)

Blade typesteel of varying degrees of carbon content, pointed, double-edged
Hilt typeWood, bronze or ivory