Growth hormone

peptide hormones that stimulate growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration

Growth hormone (GH or HGH), also known as somatotropin or somatropin, is a hormone responsible for growth, cell reproduction and regeneration in humans and other animals.[1] It is specific only to certain kinds of cells.

Human growth hormoneEdit

Growth hormone is used as a prescription drug in medicine to treat children's and adults growth disorders.[2] In the United States, it is only available legally by prescription from a doctor. HGH is a very complex hormone, and many of its functions are still unknown.[3]

Synthetic human growth hormone was developed in 1985 and approved by the FDA for specific uses in children and adults. In children, HGH injections are approved for treating short stature of unknown cause as well as poor growth due to a number of medical causes, including:

  • Turner's syndrome, a genetic disorder that affects a girl's development
  • Prader-Willi syndrome, an uncommon genetic disorder causing poor muscle tone, low levels of sex hormones, and a constant feeling of hunger
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • HGH deficiency or insufficiency
  • Children born small for gestational age


  1. Daniels ME (1992). "Lilly's Humatrope Experience". Nature Biotechnology. 10 (7): 812. doi:10.1038/nbt0792-812a.
  2. Official Grow Taller 4 Idiots Archived 2013-04-02 at the Wayback Machine website
  3. Powers M (2005). "Performance-Enhancing Drugs". In Leaver-Dunn D, Houglum J, Harrelson GL (ed.). Principles of Pharmacology for Athletic Trainers. Slack Incorporated. pp. 331–332. ISBN 1-55642-594-5. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)