Hand-to-hand combat

physical confrontation at short range using body parts or melee weapons, but not ranged weapons

Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a physical confrontation between two or more persons at very short range (grappling distance, or in the physical reach of a handheld weapon) that does not include the use of ranged weapons.[1] While "hand-to-hand" appears to be to unarmed combat, the term is generic and may include use of melee weapons such as knives, sticks, batons, spears, or improvised weapons such as entrenching tools.[1]

Earliest hand-to-hand combat was recorded to have been created in 1022 BCE, hand-to-hand combat is also used in many martial arts.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Hunsicker, A., Advanced Skills in Executive Protection, Boca Raton FL: Universal Publishers, ISBN 1-59942-849-0, ISBN 978-1-59942-849-9, p. 51