Hasan ibn Ali

Grandson of Muhammad and Shi'ite Imam (625–670)

The Expeditions of Yemen (Arabic: سريَّة ٱلْيَمَن, romanized: Sariyya al-Yaman) were the 7th-century campaigns of Ali in South Arabia.[1][2][3][4]

CampaignsEdit

In December 631 (10 AH), Muhammad dispatched his close companion Ali with 200–300 troops to an expedition into Yemen. Muhammad instructed Ali not to engage the enemies until they attack.

Ali sent out his men, they obtained spoils of war, women, children, camels and flock. Once he met with the people, he invited them to Islam. They rejected him and launched an attack with arrows and rocks. Ali and his men then charged back at them and killed 20 of their men, so they fled. Ali held back the army from pursuing the fleeing enemy and invited them once more to Islam. They quickly responded and pledged allegiance to him.[5] The tribe did this quickly and submitted themselves to Muʿādh ibn Jabal, Muhammad's envoy in Yemen.[6]

AftermathEdit

According to Sunni Islam, Muhammad honored Ali for his campaigns in Yemen in March 632 (Dhu al-Hijja 10 AH). He said "He whose mawla I am, Ali is his mawla".

ReferencesEdit

  1. Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 239. ISBN 978-9960-897-71-4.
  2. Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur (2005), The Sealed Nectar, Darussalam Publications, p. 290
  3. Tabari, Al (25 Sep 1990), The last years of the Prophet, translated by Qurban Husayn, Isma'il, State University of New York Press, p. 90, ISBN 978-0-88706-691-7
  4. Playfair, Sir Robert Lambert (1859). A history of Arabia Felix or Yemen, from the commencement of the Christian era to the present time: including an account of the British settlement of Aden. Education Society's Press. p. 79. Original from: Oxford University (according to Google books)
  5. Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al Kabir. p. 154. ISBN 81-7151-127-9.
  6. Muir, William (August 1878), The life of Mahomet (Full free digitized version), Kessinger Publishing Co, p. 225