Heraclian dynasty

byzantine dynasty

The Heraclian dynasty, (Armenian: դինաստիա; Greek: Ηράκλεια δυναστεία) ruled Byzantine Empire between 610–711 years. The Heraclians presided over a period of cataclysmic events that were a watershed in the history of the Empire and the world.

Heraclian dynasty
Հերակլյան դինաստիա
Ηράκλεια δυναστεία
Flag of
Labarum (military standard)
The Heraclian dynasty under Heraclius, 626
The Heraclian dynasty under Heraclius, 626
Common languagesGreek (official)
Christianity (Eastern Orthodox Church)
• 610–641
Heraclius (first)
• 685–695; 705–711
Justinian II (last)
• Establishment
• Disestablished

Heraclius, the founder of his dynasty, was of Armenian origin.[2][3][4][5][6]


  1. Kaegi (2003), p. 22.
  2. Kaegi 2003, p. 21.
  3. Geanakoplos 1984, p. 344.
  4. Runciman 1987, p. 10.
  5. Treadgold 1997, p. 287.
  6. Roberts 1997, p. 161.


  • Runciman, Steven (1987). A History of the Crusades. Cambridge University Press. pp. 10. ISBN 978-0-521-34770-9. In 610 Phocas was displaced by a young nobleman of Armenian descent, Heraclius, son of the governor of Africa.
  • Treadgold, Warren T. (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford University Press. pp. 287. ISBN 9780804726306. Heraclius [...] his family were Armenians from Cappadocia (...)
  • Geanakoplos, Deno J. (1984). Byzantium: Church, Society, and Civilization Seen Through Contemporary Eyes. University of Chicago Press. p. 344. ISBN 9780226284606. Some of the greatest Byzantine emperors — Nicephorus Phocas, John Tzimisces and probably Heraclius — were of Armenian descent.
  • Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003). Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium. Cambridge University Press. pp. 21. ISBN 978-0-521-81459-1. Heraclius the Younger was born son of Heraclius the Elder and Epiphania ca. 575, and was probably of Armenian descent (...)
  • Roberts, John Morris (1997). A Short History of the World. Oxford University Press. pp. 161. ISBN 978-0-19-511504-8. Heraclius, Armenian by descent, had come to the throne a few years earlier and now revealed his quality.
  1. Heraclius was spoke Armenian and Greek.